In this project our job was to manipulate the form of a particular text (Printing in Europe), using Adobe Illustrator. This helped me improve my skills in Illustrator; the more time I spent trying new things, the more I discovered.
This is the original text:
—Printing in Europe
The invention of mechanical movable type printing in Germany ushered in the European Renaissance, introducing an era of mass communication that enabled unprecedented gains in science, medicine, and technological developments while permanently altering Europe’s feudal political structure.
The printed word allowed for relatively unrestricted circulation of information and (revolutionary) ideas that transcended borders, threatening the power of religious and political authorities. The sharp increase in literacy, meanwhile, broke the literate elite’s monopoly on education, bolstering an emerging middle class.
Johannes Gutenberg developed printing with moveable type around 1440; his 42-Line Bible was the first major book printed using this method.
Gutenberg, a goldsmith by profession, developed a complete printing system by adapting existing technologies, such as screw presses, to printing purposes, while also making groundbreaking inventions of his own. His newly devised hand mold made possible the precise, rapid creation of metal type in large quantities. In addition, he devised oil-based inks that would adhere to metal type.
From its origin in Mainz, Germany, printing quickly spread to over two hundred cities in a dozen European countries; by 1500, printing presses throughout Western Europe had produced more than twenty million volumes. As early as 1620, the English statesman and philosopher Francis Bacon could write that typographical printing has “changed the whole face and state of things throughout the world.”